What Causes Vaginal Smell?

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Have you ever stopped to take notice of your vagina’s smell, or how it can change from day to day? How your vagina smells could be a sign of what’s going on down there and indicate that there’s a problem. The vagina is home to billions of bacteria, but this bacteria can change on a daily basis. It is these small bacterial changes that could have an effect on your vagina’s odour.

We’ve taken a look at some common vaginal smells and the reasons for each one.

Why does my vagina smell...

...coppery or metallic

A slight coppery or metallic smell is nothing to worry about. You may notice that this smell becomes more prominent just before your period or just after it. This smell should go away. If it doesn’t, it could be a sign of vaginal bleeding, particularly if the metallic smell is accompanied by itching or discharge. If you’re experiencing these symptoms, you should book an appointment to see your doctor.

The other reason your vagina may have a coppery smell is semen. If your vagina has come into contact with semen recently, this can change its pH balance, therefore making it smell different to normal.

 

...like body odour

Your vagina could smell simply because of poor hygiene. Just like your armpits, your crotch area contains apocrine glands that allow you to sweat. Sweating in this area is quite normal and helps your body to regulate its temperature, just like you might sweat from your armpits. However, this sweating can begin to make the vagina smell unclean, particularly if you don’t shower regularly. When you have a shower, you should use a feminine wash that doesn’t contain any soaps or colourants. This will gently clean the area and should help with the smell.

To prevent excess sweating, you should wear light-fitting cotton underwear that allows your skin to breathe. 

 

...sour

If your vagina has a slight sour smell, this is a sign of a healthy vagina. Some people compare it to the smell of fermented foods such as yoghurt and sourdough bread. That’s because these food products contain lactobacillus - the same type of good bacteria that is present in your vagina. This good bacteria is there to fight off the bad bacteria and prevent infections. This smell is nothing to worry about.

 

...like chemicals

A strong ammonia-like smell can be caused by a build-up of urine in your underwear. You should ensure that you wipe properly after going for a wee to ensure the area is clean. Urine that has a strong ammonia smell could also be a sign of dehydration, so remember to drink plenty of water to keep your body hydrated.

Some women report an ammonia smell early in pregnancy. There is no evidence as to why this happens, but it could be due to another pH change in the vagina. It could also be a sign of bacterial vaginosis (BV).

 

Why does my vagina smell of fish?

The most common cause of a fishy vagina is Bacterial Vaginosis (BV). BV is a bacterial infection that is caused by an imbalance of bacteria in the vagina. Symptoms of BV can include:

●     A strong fishy odour

●     Thin discharge that’s an off-white or grey colour

●     Itchiness

●     Burning, particularly when you wee

If you think you might have BV, you should book an appointment with your doctor.

The other cause of fishy smelling discharge is trichomoniasis. It’s one of the most common sexually transmitted infections (STIs) that is caused by a tiny parasite. Symptoms will normally develop within a month of contracting the infection. It may be treated with antibiotics. Consult your doctor for advice on a suitable course of treatment.

 

How to get rid of vaginal smell

You shouldn’t use strongly scented products to help get rid of the smell, such as body wash, soap or other heavily perfumed products. You should also avoid scented tampons and sanitary pads, as these can irritate the area. You shouldn’t ever feel the need to completely change the scent of your vagina - it’s natural for it to smell slightly. Instead, just look out for the changes or for the days when it might smell a bit off.

If you exercise a lot, you may want to clean the area using a special feminine hygiene wash. This will help to keep the area as hygienic as possible, particularly if you get more sweaty than other people.

If you are worried that your vagina smells more than it should, it could be down to the foods you’re eating. If you think it’s particularly bad, and you’re having to change your underwear multiple times per day, then see your doctor.

You should consult with your doctor if an unusual odour is accompanied with any of the following symptoms:

●     Itching or burning, especially when you wee

●     Thick discharge or watery, grey discharge

●     Vaginal bleeding that’s not caused by your period

 

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